A cat performs various activities with their mouth. Activities like defense, licking, eating, playing is carried out by cat’s mouth. Due to these kinds of exposures their teeth are a habitat of various germs and bacteria. These bacteria can cause various dental diseases in cats. These diseases cause a lot of pain; therefore the cat must be treated without delay. It’s best to stay a step ahead to avoid complications.
Here is a list of most common oral diseases in cats.
• Periodontal Disease:
If you see plaque and tartar building up on your cat’s tooth it can be a sign of periodontal disease. If the plaque spreads below the gum line, it can cause inflammation, infection and even tooth loss. Brushing your cat’s teeth daily can make a big difference in their older age by keeping the amounts of plaque and tartar to a minimum.
It is a type of cancer that affects the oral mucous membranes. It usually affects felines of 9 years of age and above in the form of ulcers and scaly tissue masses.If your cat has a carcinoma, or if you suspect it, you should see your vet immediately. The state of the feline and the level of cancer progression can be known by performing a biopsy and other studies, the appropriate treatment will be given to your pet depending on the severity of the carcinoma.
• Dental Resorption:
Old age cats suffer from dental issues of unknown origin. The tissue covering tooth slowly wears off until a piece is broken. It’s a long process and quite painful where your cat may refuse to eat followed with frequent drooling.
The inflammation or ulceration of the tissues lining the oral cavity can be the cause of Feline stomatitis. It’s an extremely painful condition. The symptoms of cats having stomatitis are extremely reddened and inflamed mouths. These cats also resist having their teeth examined. In many cases, the cat develops malnourishment as their appetite reduces rapidly due to the pain caused by eating.
Felines often face the problem of fractured teeth. The most commonly occurring fractures are at the tips of the canine teeth that are also referred to as fangs. In addition to this fractures of the premolars are also common. Feline tooth fractures can also be caused by trauma to the oral cavity. Other conditions such as tooth resorption can also cause the teeth to weaken and eventually fall off.
If your cat’s teeth are in an abnormal position they will face a problem with closing their mouth comfortably and this can be the cause of Malocclusions. Due to this the teeth may bite into the sensitive gums and can cause pain and trauma to the gingival tissues. These conditions might predispose your cat to periodontal diseases. Malocclusions can be present in your feline from birth or can also be a result of the trauma faced by your cat’s teeth over the years. If your cat is suffering from malocclusions then you should contact your vet as soon as possible and start treatment immediately to help your cat chew normally.