Bladder And Kidney Stones In Dogs And Cats – Diagnose, Treatment & Prevention
There are assorted things which can contribute to the formation of urinary tract stones. If there is the concentration of mineral salts are very high in the urine, it forms layers on layer. It may happen down the tract in the bladder or in the kidneys.
What Causes Bladder And Kidney Stones in Pets?
The urine should be naturally acidic in pets. Some of the mineral salts are not soluble in alkaline urine. This particle gets precipitated out in the urine as individuals, small crystals which are microscopic. As time goes these crystals unite and gradually turn into stones. The other reason to form the stone, is due to dehydration which helps to increase the concentration of minerals within the urine.
What Are the Signs And Symptoms Of Bladder And Kidney Stones In Dogs And Cats?
The following are the signs and symptoms of bladder and kidney stones could include:
- Urinate frequently (Pollakiuria)
- Straining to urinate (Dysuria)
- Blood in the urine (Haematuria)
- Abdominal discomfort
- Kidney pain
- Poor Appetite
- Weight Loss
- Licking the genetial area more than normal
How To Diagnose The Bladder And Kidney Stones in Pets?
If you find any of the signs or symptoms in your canine or feline take your pet to the veterinarian. The vet will examine and perform some of the tests that involve diagnostic imaging such as ultrasounds, x-rays and maybe need to perform other procedures such as CT scan or MRI. Urinalysis and blood tests in the first step to visualize the bladder or kidney stone in pets.
What Is The Treatment For Bladder And Kidney Stones For Pets?
If your pet has diagnosed with a bladder or kidney stones there are many treatment options: Your vet may prescribe a special diet or homemade recipes which will help to manage and try to dissolve the stones. The diets will increase the thirst in your pet to encourage more dilute urine, which will help to dissolve the stones. These diets have to be given to your pets for at least 3 to 4 months. Antibiotics are often given during this treatment period to analyze if the stones are slowly getting dissolved. If it is the critical stage the vet will remove it through the surgery.
How To Prevent The Bladder And Kidney Stones In Dogs And Cats?
To prevent the occurrence or recurrence of bladder or kidney stones, you need to increase your pet’s water consumption, which helps to prevent crystal formation in the urinary tract. There are also special diets which can be used for your pet. To resolve your pet’s urinary tract infection you can help to prevent the recurrent kidney stones from forming.
Tip: You can add a small amount of salt to your pet’s water bowl which will increase the amount of water that your pet drinks.