Brought home a pup or a cuddly puppy found outside – well that’s sure fills your heart with great joy and happiness. If this is your first pup then remember there are several things that may bring anxiety to you. Taking care of a little puppy is a great responsibility. There are numerous aspects that you need to consider and vaccination is the most crucial among all. Here you can find which vaccination you need to administer to you new furry friend and what are the things related to vaccines you have to take care of.
A common vaccine is available to fight some diseases. Instead injecting your pup with six different vaccinations – DHLPPCv can work single handedly.
- D stands for Distemper Virus – it’s a contagious viral infection, which has no treatment only vaccination is the way to prevent it.
- H stands for Hepatitis – like humans, it mainly attacks liver and is caused by two related viruses.
- L stands for Leptospiroris – it badly infects a puppy’s kidneys. Humans, dogs, pigs, cows and other mammals are no exceptions.
- P stands for Parainfluenza – a contagious disease, which can cause upper respiratory infections in puppies.
- P stands for Parvovirus – this virus can cause fatal conditions normally affecting the lining of intestinal tract.
- Cv stands for Coronavirus – comes from the group of Parvovirus, this virus badly affects intestinal tract but is not considered fatal.
When Your Puppy Needs Vaccination
As soon as you have a puppy, you need to bring him to a vet. Checking your puppy, your vet will decide on vaccination. When bringing him for the first time, it’s necessary to bring in a stool sample along with you for analysis.
During the diagnosis, the vet will go through at pup’s medical history. If the shelter home or breeder has given your pup vaccination before, your veterinarian will confirm that it is done properly or new dose has to be given. When confident about vaccination, your vet may schedule for the follow-up vaccination.
Vaccination Time Chart and Protocol
Every veterinarian has their own protocol for vaccinating pets and for follow-up vaccinations. Furthermore, the schedule changes as per the new research and new vaccinations in the market. A general vaccination schedule goes as follows. Your vet will decide what the best protocol for your dog to plan.
6-7 weeks of age: Give first dosage of combined vaccine for Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza, Coronavirus.
9 weeks of age: Provide second dosage of combination vaccine.
12 weeks of age: Administer the third combination vaccine along with a lyme vaccine inoculation. Normally, a lyme vaccine is repeated after two weeks, and then is continued with a dosage once a year.
16 weeks of age: It’s period to administer the last combination choice.
12 to 16 weeks of age: Inject rabies vaccine. This vaccination is compulsory as ordered by law and it depends on the laws in your area. Confirm with your vet and administer according to your local or state law.
Special considerations: Some breeds need special kind of care and vaccination according to veterinarians. Breeds like Rottweilers and Dobermans require at least two dosages of Parvo vaccines with the last one been given at 20 weeks of age.
Why So Many Vaccinations for my pup?
You may be wondering why your pet needs to be administered with so many different vaccinations. It is good to explore this subject and know in detail about it as it may help you keep your pet safe from harmful diseases. For the multiple vaccinations given to a pup, there lies a core reason behind it – there is no single dosage of vaccine, to which pup’s body can respond positively against any dreadful infection. The age of pup and its immunity power are the crucial factors in complicating the probability of protection. A pup who has borrowed good immunity power from its mother during nursing period (called as passive immunity) will limit a vaccine’s potency.
Therefore, to get your pup vaccinated as soon as the mother’s passive immunity diminishes helps pup to have lasting immunity of its own. Parallelly, during this period pups are more prone to diseases. The exact time when a pup reacts to vaccination is not known – it may be at 6 weeks or may be at 12 weeks. So, it’s good to begin vaccinations at 6 weeks of age and conclude them at 16 weeks of age.
Rarely, a pup has an adverse reaction to vaccination. If your sweet pup shows any trouble after vaccination such as pale gums, short breaths or seems unresponsive then immediately seek doctor’s help. Vomiting, diarrhea, fever or a small rash at vaccinated area are the common symptoms seen after vaccinations, for which you need not have to worry as they wear off slowly in a day. For any doubt, you can talk to your vet.