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Top Five Essential Nutrients for Cats Healthy Life

Essential Nutrients for Cats

Your cat’s purr….is that sounding unusual. Absence of essential nutrients makes your feline friend sick and seems to lack interest in life. Cats are strict carnivores due to which they gain all the vital nutrition from animal sources. Wild felines hunt their prey and acquire required proteins, carbohydrates and minerals, which is not true in case of social cats.

Your furry friend health suffers when she lacks essential nutrients necessary for life’s vital functioning. These nutrients are the building blocks of your feline body and powerhouse to sustain. Being a pet parent, you need to provide the proper amount of all nutrients in your cat’s meal. Cat food, rich in nutritional value, keeps your cat purring around happily.

Water – The Basic Nutrient

Importance of water in cat’s life

Water is the most essential part of animal body, which makes up around 75% at birth and 60% in adult life. For cats, it is one of the most important nutrients, which plays a vital role in all physiological functions.


Lack of water in your cat can result into dehydration, which causes dry skin, higher heartbeat and high fever. Water loss in feline body causes serious health implications.

Common sources

Fresh water from tap – you should provide fresh water to your furry pal regularly three times a day.

Vitamins – An Important Nutrient for Proper Growth

Importance of Vitamins in cat’s life

Vitamin is not a single nutrient but a huge group of different vitamins that are classified into water-soluble and fat-soluble. They all are essential for normal growth and varied functioning of cat body. A good metabolism and proper regulation of body functions in cats is result of vitamins. They help in bone growth and clear vision.


A vet can only diagnose deficiency of vitamins as it causes severe health issues. On the contrary, excess of vitamins is toxic for cat’s body. For example, excess of vitamins cause brittle bones; induce pain in joints apart from dry skin.

Common sources

Common sources of vitamins in cat food consists yeast, grains, kidneys and liver. Vitamins are present in various food ingredients. For your kitty, you can add to pet food in pre-prepared mixes. Some nutritional supplement for cats have proportionate amount of vitamins for deficiency problems.

Minerals – A Crucial Nutrient for Healthy Bones

Importance of minerals in cat’s life

Calcium, chloride, chromium, cobalt, copper, fluorine, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorous, potassium, selenium, silicon, sodium, sulfur, and zinc all constitute to minerals. For cats, minerals play a grand role in all physiological reactions. From oxygen transport, nutrient utilization, pH balance to enzyme formation in felines, minerals are useful and are stored in bone and muscle tissue.


Deficiency of certain minerals like calcium, magnesium and phosphorus affect bones and teeth making them weak. Lack of sodium, potassium and chloride in your cat make them weak and restless.

Common Sources

Generally, minerals are hard to synthesize by animals and therefore has to be provided in diet through nutritional supplements. You can even provide specially processed cat food, which is an excellent source of minerals.

Proteins – A Powerhouse of Strength

Importance of proteins in cat’s life

Proteins are life-sustaining nutrients for healthy growth, strength, muscle tone and repair. Most of the tissues in cats like hair, skin, nails and muscles are composed of proteins. Varied proteins are present in cat’s body, which carry out different functions. This nutrient is a unique source of amino acids that are crucial for cat’s health and fitness.


When proteins slide down to lower levels, cat body breaks down body tissue to provide the required strength to the body. In some cats, deficiency of proteins cause hair fall, brittle nails along with dry and dull cat hair.

Common Sources

Cats use around 30-35% of dietary protein for healthy skin and coat. You can provide your furry feline animal products such as meat, offal and fish, which are the rich source of proteins apart from some vegetable products such as rice, soy, and cereal gluten.

Fats & Carbohydrates – All Important for Energy

Importance of fats and carbohydrates in cat’s life

Cats require fats and carbohydrates -indispensible nutrients for normal functioning. Fats comprise of fatty acids, which are crucial to maintain healthy skin and coat apart from reproduction. Carbohydrates supply huge amount of energy that helps to perform all the daily activities apart from internal processes like respiration, digestion, etc.


Lack of fats and carbohydrates drop down the energy levels in felines. Sometimes, deficiency of carbohydrates causes diarrhea.

Common Sources

Carbohydrates level is tend to be high in dry cat food compared to wet cat food. For fats, provide items like beef tallow and seed oils in pet food to your feline friends.

You can provide all the required nutrients to your feline through a balanced diet, which keeps them healthy. Apart from this, an ounce of nutritional supplement for cats helps them to maintain all their life processes smoothly without a need to visit a vet.

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